The Characteristics of Soils and Rocks


Are you looking for a no-prep resource to teach about the characteristics of soils and rocks? This resource is perfect for Year 4, 5 and 6 students who are learning about Earth and Space Sciences and exploring how Earth’s surface changes overtime as a result of natural processes and human activity ( Australian Curriculum Outcome: ACSSU075)

Includes 16 informational slides and 6 worksheets that are a great way to check your students understanding and can be used for assessment. Includes an Answer Key for easy marking!

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  • File Size: 10MB
  • File Type: PDF, Zip
  • Number of Pages: 22

More details:

Informational Slides Address the Following-

  • What is Soil?
  • Are Soil and Dirt the Same Thing?
  • The Main Roles of Soil
  • Soil Horizons and Profiles
  • Soil Profile: Surface Layer
  • Soil Profile: Topsoil
  • Types of Topsoil: Clay, Silty, Sandy, Loamy, Chalky, Peaty
  • Soil Profile: Subsoil
  • Soil Profile: Parent Material
  • Soil Profile: Bedrock
  • Three Types of Rock: Igneous, Sedimentary, Metamorphic
  • Vocabulary and Definitions: Atmosphere, Decomposition, Humidification, Iron oxide, Mineral rock, Non-indurated, Organic matter, Sediment, Soil Formation, Soil Horizon, Soil Profile, Undecomposed, Weathering

Worksheets include-

1. The Layers of Soil – Labelling a diagram task (soil horizons and layers)

2. Different Characteristics of Topsoils – Write a few facts about each type of topsoil (clay, silt, sand, loam, chalk, peat)

3. The Main Roles that Soils Play – Close passage (word bank included)

4. Venn diagram: Comparing Different Types of Topsoils

5. Venn diagram: Comparing Different Types of Rocks

6. Venn diagram: Comparing Soil and Dirt

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    Resources for Teaching Australia

    Very thorough content and all aligned to Aust Curriculum.  Great resource to the unit.

    Belinda M

    Resources for Teaching Australia

    Thank you very helpful for my Australian unit. Saved me lots of time. 

    Lozz K

    Resources for Teaching Australia

    Exactly what a teacher needs when they have early finishers and they are working with a child/children and need others to continue working independently. 

    Molly B

    Resources for Teaching Australia

    Great colourful resources. Loved the sorting activity- it provided for lots of discussion.

    Sue W

    Resources for Teaching Australia

    Great content and appropriate language for my year six students. Thanks for taking the time to create this resource and for sharing it. 

    Cassie O

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